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angular 2.0_typescript

angular

NgFor

Stable Directive

Class Overview

class NgFor {
  constructor(_viewContainer: ViewContainerRef, _template: TemplateRef<NgForRow>, _differs: IterableDiffers, _cdr: ChangeDetectorRef)
  
  
  ngForOf : any
  ngForTrackBy : TrackByFn
  ngForTemplate 
  ngOnChanges(changes: SimpleChanges) : void
  ngDoCheck()
}

Selectors

[ngFor][ngForOf]

Class Description

The NgFor directive instantiates a template once per item from an iterable. The context for each instantiated template inherits from the outer context with the given loop variable set to the current item from the iterable.

Local Variables

NgFor provides several exported values that can be aliased to local variables:

  • index will be set to the current loop iteration for each template context.
  • first will be set to a boolean value indicating whether the item is the first one in the iteration.
  • last will be set to a boolean value indicating whether the item is the last one in the iteration.
  • even will be set to a boolean value indicating whether this item has an even index.
  • odd will be set to a boolean value indicating whether this item has an odd index.

Change Propagation

When the contents of the iterator changes, NgFor makes the corresponding changes to the DOM:

  • When an item is added, a new instance of the template is added to the DOM.
  • When an item is removed, its template instance is removed from the DOM.
  • When items are reordered, their respective templates are reordered in the DOM.
  • Otherwise, the DOM element for that item will remain the same.

Angular uses object identity to track insertions and deletions within the iterator and reproduce those changes in the DOM. This has important implications for animations and any stateful controls (such as <input> elements which accept user input) that are present. Inserted rows can be animated in, deleted rows can be animated out, and unchanged rows retain any unsaved state such as user input.

It is possible for the identities of elements in the iterator to change while the data does not. This can happen, for example, if the iterator produced from an RPC to the server, and that RPC is re-run. Even if the data hasn't changed, the second response will produce objects with different identities, and Angular will tear down the entire DOM and rebuild it (as if all old elements were deleted and all new elements inserted). This is an expensive operation and should be avoided if possible.

To customize the default tracking algorithm, NgFor supports trackBy option. trackBy takes a function which has two arguments: index and item. If trackBy is given, Angular tracks changes by the return value of the function.

Syntax

  • <li *ngFor="let item of items; let i = index; trackBy: trackByFn">...</li>
  • <li template="ngFor let item of items; let i = index; trackBy: trackByFn">...</li>

With <template> element:

<template ngFor let-item [ngForOf]="items" let-i="index" [ngForTrackBy]="trackByFn">
  <li>...</li>
</template>

Example

See a live demo for a more detailed example.

Constructor

constructor(_viewContainer: ViewContainerRef, _template: TemplateRef<NgForRow>, _differs: IterableDiffers, _cdr: ChangeDetectorRef)

Class Details

ngForOf : any
ngForTrackBy : TrackByFn
ngForTemplate
ngOnChanges(changes: SimpleChanges) : void
ngDoCheck()

exported from @angular/common/index, defined in @angular/common/src/directives/ng_for.ts

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.
https://angular.io/docs/ts/latest/api/common/index/NgFor-directive.html