Credit to devdocs.io

angular 2.0_typescript

angular

SlicePipe

Stable Pipe

What it does

Creates a new List or String containing a subset (slice) of the elements.

How to use

array_or_string_expression | slice:start[:end]

NgModule

CommonModule

Description

Where the input expression is a List or String, and:

  • start: The starting index of the subset to return.
    • a positive integer: return the item at start index and all items after in the list or string expression.
    • a negative integer: return the item at start index from the end and all items after in the list or string expression.
    • if positive and greater than the size of the expression: return an empty list or string.
    • if negative and greater than the size of the expression: return entire list or string.
  • end: The ending index of the subset to return.
    • omitted: return all items until the end.
    • if positive: return all items before end index of the list or string.
    • if negative: return all items before end index from the end of the list or string.

All behavior is based on the expected behavior of the JavaScript API Array.prototype.slice() and String.prototype.slice().

When operating on a [List], the returned list is always a copy even when all the elements are being returned.

When operating on a blank value, the pipe returns the blank value.

List Example

This ngFor example:

@Component({
  selector: 'slice-list-pipe',
  template: `<ul>
    <li *ngFor="let i of collection | slice:1:3">{{i}}</li>
  </ul>`
})
export class SlicePipeListComponent {
  collection: string[] = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'];
}

produces the following:

<li>b</li>
<li>c</li>

String Examples

@Component({
  selector: 'slice-string-pipe',
  template: `<div>
    <p>{{str}}[0:4]: '{{str | slice:0:4}}' - output is expected to be 'abcd'</p>
    <p>{{str}}[4:0]: '{{str | slice:4:0}}' - output is expected to be ''</p>
    <p>{{str}}[-4]: '{{str | slice:-4}}' - output is expected to be 'ghij'</p>
    <p>{{str}}[-4:-2]: '{{str | slice:-4:-2}}' - output is expected to be 'gh'</p>
    <p>{{str}}[-100]: '{{str | slice:-100}}' - output is expected to be 'abcdefghij'</p>
    <p>{{str}}[100]: '{{str | slice:100}}' - output is expected to be ''</p>
  </div>`
})
export class SlicePipeStringComponent {
  str: string = 'abcdefghij';
}

exported from @angular/common/index defined in @angular/common/src/pipes/slice_pipe.ts

© 2010–2016 Google, Inc.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.
https://angular.io/docs/ts/latest/api/common/index/SlicePipe-pipe.html