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vue 1

vue

Methods and Event Handling

Method Handler

We can use the v-on directive to listen to DOM events:

<div id="example">
  <button v-on:click="greet">Greet</button>
</div>

We are binding a click event listener to a method named greet. Here’s how to define that method in our Vue instance:

var vm = new Vue({
  el: '#example',
  data: {
    name: 'Vue.js'
  },
  // define methods under the `methods` object
  methods: {
    greet: function (event) {
      // `this` inside methods point to the Vue instance
      alert('Hello ' + this.name + '!')
      // `event` is the native DOM event
      alert(event.target.tagName)
    }
  }
})

// you can invoke methods in JavaScript too
vm.greet() // -> 'Hello Vue.js!'

Test it yourself:

Inline Statement Handler

Instead of binding directly to a method name, we can also use an inline JavaScript statement:

<div id="example-2">
  <button v-on:click="say('hi')">Say Hi</button>
  <button v-on:click="say('what')">Say What</button>
</div>
new Vue({
  el: '#example-2',
  methods: {
    say: function (msg) {
      alert(msg)
    }
  }
})

Result:

Similar to the restrictions on inline expressions, event handlers are restricted to one statement only.

Sometimes we also need to access the original DOM event in an inline statement handler. You can pass it into a method using the special $event variable:

<button v-on:click="say('hello!', $event)">Submit</button>
// ...
methods: {
  say: function (msg, event) {
    // now we have access to the native event
    event.preventDefault()
  }
}

Event Modifiers

It is a very common need to call event.preventDefault() or event.stopPropagation() inside event handlers. Although we can do this easily inside methods, it would be better if the methods can be purely about data logic rather than having to deal with DOM event details.

To address this problem, Vue.js provides two event modifiers for v-on: .prevent and .stop. Recall that modifiers are directive postfixes denoted by a dot:

<!-- the click event's propagation will be stopped -->
<a v-on:click.stop="doThis"></a>

<!-- the submit event will no longer reload the page -->
<form v-on:submit.prevent="onSubmit"></form>

<!-- modifiers can be chained -->
<a v-on:click.stop.prevent="doThat">

<!-- just the modifier -->
<form v-on:submit.prevent></form>

In 1.0.16, two additional modifiers have been introduced:

<!-- use capture mode when adding the event listener -->
<div v-on:click.capture="doThis">...</div>

<!-- only trigger handler if event.target is the element itself -->
<!-- i.e. not from a child element -->
<div v-on:click.self="doThat">...</div>

Key Modifiers

When listening for keyboard events, we often need to check for common key codes. Vue.js also allows adding key modifiers for v-on when listening for key events:

<!-- only call vm.submit() when the keyCode is 13 -->
<input v-on:keyup.13="submit">

Remembering all the keyCodes is a hassle, so Vue.js provides aliases for most commonly used keys:

<!-- same as above -->
<input v-on:keyup.enter="submit">

<!-- also works for shorthand -->
<input @keyup.enter="submit">

Here’s the full list of key modifier aliases:

  • enter
  • tab
  • delete (captures both “Delete” and, if the keyboard has it, “Backspace”)
  • esc
  • space
  • up
  • down
  • left
  • right

1.0.8+: Single letter key aliases are also supported.

1.0.17+: You can also define custom key modifier aliases:

// enable @keyup.f1
Vue.directive('on').keyCodes.f1 = 112

Why Listeners in HTML?

You might be concerned that this whole event listening approach violates the good old rules about “separation of concern”. Rest assured - since all Vue.js handler functions and expressions are strictly bound to the ViewModel that’s handling the current View, it won’t cause any maintenance difficulty. In fact, there are several benefits in using v-on:

  1. It makes it easier to locate the handler function implementations within your JS code by simply skimming the HTML template.

  2. Since you don’t have to manually attach event listeners in JS, your ViewModel code can be pure logic and DOM-free. This makes it easier to test.

  3. When a ViewModel is destroyed, all event listeners are automatically removed. You don’t need to worry about cleaning it up yourself.

© 2013–present Yuxi Evan You
Licensed under the MIT License.
https://v1.vuejs.org/guide/events.html