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angularjs 1.3

angularjs

Improve this Doc View Source $animate

  1. $animateProvider
  2. service in module ngAnimate

The $animate service provides animation detection support while performing DOM operations (enter, leave and move) as well as during addClass and removeClass operations. When any of these operations are run, the $animate service will examine any JavaScript-defined animations (which are defined by using the $animateProvider provider object) as well as any CSS-defined animations against the CSS classes present on the element once the DOM operation is run.

The $animate service is used behind the scenes with pre-existing directives and animation with these directives will work out of the box without any extra configuration.

Requires the ngAnimate module to be installed.

Please visit the ngAnimate module overview page learn more about how to use animations in your application.

Callback Promises

With AngularJS 1.3, each of the animation methods, on the $animate service, return a promise when called. The promise itself is then resolved once the animation has completed itself, has been cancelled or has been skipped due to animations being disabled. (Note that even if the animation is cancelled it will still call the resolve function of the animation.)

$animate.enter(element, container).then(function() {
  //...this is called once the animation is complete...
});

Also note that, due to the nature of the callback promise, if any Angular-specific code (like changing the scope, location of the page, etc...) is executed within the callback promise then be sure to wrap the code using $scope.$apply(...);

$animate.leave(element).then(function() {
  $scope.$apply(function() {
    $location.path('/new-page');
  });
});

An animation can also be cancelled by calling the $animate.cancel(promise) method with the provided promise that was returned when the animation was started.

var promise = $animate.addClass(element, 'super-long-animation');
promise.then(function() {
  //this will still be called even if cancelled
});

element.on('click', function() {
  //tooo lazy to wait for the animation to end
  $animate.cancel(promise);
});

(Keep in mind that the promise cancellation is unique to $animate since promises in general cannot be cancelled.)

Methods

  • animate(element, from, to, [className], [options]);

    Performs an inline animation on the element which applies the provided to and from CSS styles to the element. If any detected CSS transition, keyframe or JavaScript matches the provided className value then the animation will take on the provided styles. For example, if a transition animation is set for the given className then the provided from and to styles will be applied alongside the given transition. If a JavaScript animation is detected then the provided styles will be given in as function paramters.

    ngModule.animation('.my-inline-animation', function() {
      return {
        animate : function(element, className, from, to, done) {
          //styles
        }
      }
    });
    

    Below is a breakdown of each step that occurs during the animate animation:

    Animation Step What the element class attribute looks like
    1. $animate.animate(...) is called class="my-animation"
    2. $animate waits for the next digest to start the animation class="my-animation ng-animate"
    3. $animate runs the JavaScript-defined animations detected on the element class="my-animation ng-animate"
    4. the className class value is added to the element class="my-animation ng-animate className"
    5. $animate scans the element styles to get the CSS transition/animation duration and delay class="my-animation ng-animate className"
    6. $animate blocks all CSS transitions on the element to ensure the .className class styling is applied right away class="my-animation ng-animate className"
    7. $animate applies the provided collection of from CSS styles to the element class="my-animation ng-animate className"
    8. $animate waits for a single animation frame (this performs a reflow) class="my-animation ng-animate className"
    9. $animate removes the CSS transition block placed on the element class="my-animation ng-animate className"
    10. the className-active class is added (this triggers the CSS transition/animation) class="my-animation ng-animate className className-active"
    11. $animate applies the collection of to CSS styles to the element which are then handled by the transition class="my-animation ng-animate className className-active"
    12. $animate waits for the animation to complete (via events and timeout) class="my-animation ng-animate className className-active"
    13. The animation ends and all generated CSS classes are removed from the element class="my-animation"
    14. The returned promise is resolved. class="my-animation"

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    element DOMElement

    the element that will be the focus of the enter animation

    from object

    a collection of CSS styles that will be applied to the element at the start of the animation

    to object

    a collection of CSS styles that the element will animate towards

    className
    (optional)
    string

    an optional CSS class that will be added to the element for the duration of the animation (the default class is ng-inline-animate)

    options
    (optional)
    object

    an optional collection of options that will be picked up by the CSS transition/animation

    Returns

    Promise

    the animation callback promise

  • enter(element, parentElement, afterElement, [options]);

    Appends the element to the parentElement element that resides in the document and then runs the enter animation. Once the animation is started, the following CSS classes will be present on the element for the duration of the animation:

    Below is a breakdown of each step that occurs during enter animation:

    Animation Step What the element class attribute looks like
    1. $animate.enter(...) is called class="my-animation"
    2. element is inserted into the parentElement element or beside the afterElement element class="my-animation"
    3. $animate waits for the next digest to start the animation class="my-animation ng-animate"
    4. $animate runs the JavaScript-defined animations detected on the element class="my-animation ng-animate"
    5. the .ng-enter class is added to the element class="my-animation ng-animate ng-enter"
    6. $animate scans the element styles to get the CSS transition/animation duration and delay class="my-animation ng-animate ng-enter"
    7. $animate blocks all CSS transitions on the element to ensure the .ng-enter class styling is applied right away class="my-animation ng-animate ng-enter"
    8. $animate waits for a single animation frame (this performs a reflow) class="my-animation ng-animate ng-enter"
    9. $animate removes the CSS transition block placed on the element class="my-animation ng-animate ng-enter"
    10. the .ng-enter-active class is added (this triggers the CSS transition/animation) class="my-animation ng-animate ng-enter ng-enter-active"
    11. $animate waits for the animation to complete (via events and timeout) class="my-animation ng-animate ng-enter ng-enter-active"
    12. The animation ends and all generated CSS classes are removed from the element class="my-animation"
    13. The returned promise is resolved. class="my-animation"

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    element DOMElement

    the element that will be the focus of the enter animation

    parentElement DOMElement

    the parent element of the element that will be the focus of the enter animation

    afterElement DOMElement

    the sibling element (which is the previous element) of the element that will be the focus of the enter animation

    options
    (optional)
    object

    an optional collection of options that will be picked up by the CSS transition/animation

    Returns

    Promise

    the animation callback promise

  • leave(element, [options]);

    Runs the leave animation operation and, upon completion, removes the element from the DOM. Once the animation is started, the following CSS classes will be added for the duration of the animation:

    Below is a breakdown of each step that occurs during leave animation:

    Animation Step What the element class attribute looks like
    1. $animate.leave(...) is called class="my-animation"
    2. $animate runs the JavaScript-defined animations detected on the element class="my-animation ng-animate"
    3. $animate waits for the next digest to start the animation class="my-animation ng-animate"
    4. the .ng-leave class is added to the element class="my-animation ng-animate ng-leave"
    5. $animate scans the element styles to get the CSS transition/animation duration and delay class="my-animation ng-animate ng-leave"
    6. $animate blocks all CSS transitions on the element to ensure the .ng-leave class styling is applied right away class="my-animation ng-animate ng-leave"
    7. $animate waits for a single animation frame (this performs a reflow) class="my-animation ng-animate ng-leave"
    8. $animate removes the CSS transition block placed on the element class="my-animation ng-animate ng-leave"
    9. the .ng-leave-active class is added (this triggers the CSS transition/animation) class="my-animation ng-animate ng-leave ng-leave-active"
    10. $animate waits for the animation to complete (via events and timeout) class="my-animation ng-animate ng-leave ng-leave-active"
    11. The animation ends and all generated CSS classes are removed from the element class="my-animation"
    12. The element is removed from the DOM ...
    13. The returned promise is resolved. ...

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    element DOMElement

    the element that will be the focus of the leave animation

    options
    (optional)
    object

    an optional collection of styles that will be picked up by the CSS transition/animation

    Returns

    Promise

    the animation callback promise

  • move(element, parentElement, afterElement, [options]);

    Fires the move DOM operation. Just before the animation starts, the animate service will either append it into the parentElement container or add the element directly after the afterElement element if present. Then the move animation will be run. Once the animation is started, the following CSS classes will be added for the duration of the animation:

    Below is a breakdown of each step that occurs during move animation:

    Animation Step What the element class attribute looks like
    1. $animate.move(...) is called class="my-animation"
    2. element is moved into the parentElement element or beside the afterElement element class="my-animation"
    3. $animate waits for the next digest to start the animation class="my-animation ng-animate"
    4. $animate runs the JavaScript-defined animations detected on the element class="my-animation ng-animate"
    5. the .ng-move class is added to the element class="my-animation ng-animate ng-move"
    6. $animate scans the element styles to get the CSS transition/animation duration and delay class="my-animation ng-animate ng-move"
    7. $animate blocks all CSS transitions on the element to ensure the .ng-move class styling is applied right away class="my-animation ng-animate ng-move"
    8. $animate waits for a single animation frame (this performs a reflow) class="my-animation ng-animate ng-move"
    9. $animate removes the CSS transition block placed on the element class="my-animation ng-animate ng-move"
    10. the .ng-move-active class is added (this triggers the CSS transition/animation) class="my-animation ng-animate ng-move ng-move-active"
    11. $animate waits for the animation to complete (via events and timeout) class="my-animation ng-animate ng-move ng-move-active"
    12. The animation ends and all generated CSS classes are removed from the element class="my-animation"
    13. The returned promise is resolved. class="my-animation"

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    element DOMElement

    the element that will be the focus of the move animation

    parentElement DOMElement

    the parentElement element of the element that will be the focus of the move animation

    afterElement DOMElement

    the sibling element (which is the previous element) of the element that will be the focus of the move animation

    options
    (optional)
    object

    an optional collection of styles that will be picked up by the CSS transition/animation

    Returns

    Promise

    the animation callback promise

  • addClass(element, className, [options]);

    Triggers a custom animation event based off the className variable and then attaches the className value to the element as a CSS class. Unlike the other animation methods, the animate service will suffix the className value with -add in order to provide the animate service the setup and active CSS classes in order to trigger the animation (this will be skipped if no CSS transitions or keyframes are defined on the -add-active or base CSS class).

    Below is a breakdown of each step that occurs during addClass animation:

    Animation Step What the element class attribute looks like
    1. $animate.addClass(element, 'super') is called class="my-animation"
    2. $animate runs the JavaScript-defined animations detected on the element class="my-animation ng-animate"
    3. the .super-add class is added to the element class="my-animation ng-animate super-add"
    4. $animate waits for a single animation frame (this performs a reflow) class="my-animation ng-animate super-add"
    5. the .super and .super-add-active classes are added (this triggers the CSS transition/animation) class="my-animation ng-animate super super-add super-add-active"
    6. $animate scans the element styles to get the CSS transition/animation duration and delay class="my-animation ng-animate super super-add super-add-active"
    7. $animate waits for the animation to complete (via events and timeout) class="my-animation ng-animate super super-add super-add-active"
    8. The animation ends and all generated CSS classes are removed from the element class="my-animation super"
    9. The super class is kept on the element class="my-animation super"
    10. The returned promise is resolved. class="my-animation super"

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    element DOMElement

    the element that will be animated

    className string

    the CSS class that will be added to the element and then animated

    options
    (optional)
    object

    an optional collection of styles that will be picked up by the CSS transition/animation

    Returns

    Promise

    the animation callback promise

  • removeClass(element, className, [options]);

    Triggers a custom animation event based off the className variable and then removes the CSS class provided by the className value from the element. Unlike the other animation methods, the animate service will suffix the className value with -remove in order to provide the animate service the setup and active CSS classes in order to trigger the animation (this will be skipped if no CSS transitions or keyframes are defined on the -remove or base CSS classes).

    Below is a breakdown of each step that occurs during removeClass animation:

    Animation Step What the element class attribute looks like
    1. $animate.removeClass(element, 'super') is called class="my-animation super"
    2. $animate runs the JavaScript-defined animations detected on the element class="my-animation super ng-animate"
    3. the .super-remove class is added to the element class="my-animation super ng-animate super-remove"
    4. $animate waits for a single animation frame (this performs a reflow) class="my-animation super ng-animate super-remove"
    5. the .super-remove-active classes are added and .super is removed (this triggers the CSS transition/animation) class="my-animation ng-animate super-remove super-remove-active"
    6. $animate scans the element styles to get the CSS transition/animation duration and delay class="my-animation ng-animate super-remove super-remove-active"
    7. $animate waits for the animation to complete (via events and timeout) class="my-animation ng-animate super-remove super-remove-active"
    8. The animation ends and all generated CSS classes are removed from the element class="my-animation"
    9. The returned promise is resolved. class="my-animation"

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    element DOMElement

    the element that will be animated

    className string

    the CSS class that will be animated and then removed from the element

    options
    (optional)
    object

    an optional collection of styles that will be picked up by the CSS transition/animation

    Returns

    Promise

    the animation callback promise

  • setClass(element, add, remove, [options]);

    Adds and/or removes the given CSS classes to and from the element. Once complete, the done() callback will be fired (if provided).

    Animation Step What the element class attribute looks like
    1. $animate.setClass(element, 'on', 'off') is called class="my-animation off"
    2. $animate runs the JavaScript-defined animations detected on the element class="my-animation ng-animate off"
    3. the .on-add and .off-remove classes are added to the element class="my-animation ng-animate on-add off-remove off"
    4. $animate waits for a single animation frame (this performs a reflow) class="my-animation ng-animate on-add off-remove off"
    5. the .on, .on-add-active and .off-remove-active classes are added and .off is removed (this triggers the CSS transition/animation) class="my-animation ng-animate on on-add on-add-active off-remove off-remove-active"
    6. $animate scans the element styles to get the CSS transition/animation duration and delay class="my-animation ng-animate on on-add on-add-active off-remove off-remove-active"
    7. $animate waits for the animation to complete (via events and timeout) class="my-animation ng-animate on on-add on-add-active off-remove off-remove-active"
    8. The animation ends and all generated CSS classes are removed from the element class="my-animation on"
    9. The returned promise is resolved. class="my-animation on"

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    element DOMElement

    the element which will have its CSS classes changed removed from it

    add string

    the CSS classes which will be added to the element

    remove string

    the CSS class which will be removed from the element CSS classes have been set on the element

    options
    (optional)
    object

    an optional collection of styles that will be picked up by the CSS transition/animation

    Returns

    Promise

    the animation callback promise

  • cancel(animationPromise);

    Cancels the provided animation.

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    animationPromise Promise

    The animation promise that is returned when an animation is started.

  • enabled([value], [element]);

    Globally enables/disables animations.

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    value
    (optional)
    boolean

    If provided then set the animation on or off.

    element
    (optional)
    DOMElement

    If provided then the element will be used to represent the enable/disable operation

    Returns

    boolean

    Current animation state.

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.
https://code.angularjs.org/1.3.20/docs/api/ngAnimate/service/$animate