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angularjs 1.4


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  1. directive in module ng

Angular has some features that can break certain CSP (Content Security Policy) rules.

If you intend to implement these rules then you must tell Angular not to use these features.

This is necessary when developing things like Google Chrome Extensions or Universal Windows Apps.

The following rules affect Angular:

  • unsafe-eval: this rule forbids apps to use eval or Function(string) generated functions (among other things). Angular makes use of this in the $parse service to provide a 30% increase in the speed of evaluating Angular expressions.

  • unsafe-inline: this rule forbids apps from inject custom styles into the document. Angular makes use of this to include some CSS rules (e.g. ngCloak and ngHide). To make these directives work when a CSP rule is blocking inline styles, you must link to the angular-csp.css in your HTML manually.

If you do not provide ngCsp then Angular tries to autodetect if CSP is blocking unsafe-eval and automatically deactivates this feature in the $parse service. This autodetection, however, triggers a CSP error to be logged in the console:

Refused to evaluate a string as JavaScript because 'unsafe-eval' is not an allowed source of
script in the following Content Security Policy directive: "default-src 'self'". Note that
'script-src' was not explicitly set, so 'default-src' is used as a fallback.

This error is harmless but annoying. To prevent the error from showing up, put the ngCsp directive on an element of the HTML document that appears before the <script> tag that loads the angular.js file.

Note: This directive is only available in the ng-csp and data-ng-csp attribute form.

You can specify which of the CSP related Angular features should be deactivated by providing a value for the ng-csp attribute. The options are as follows:

  • no-inline-style: this stops Angular from injecting CSS styles into the DOM

  • no-unsafe-eval: this stops Angular from optimising $parse with unsafe eval of strings

You can use these values in the following combinations:

  • No declaration means that Angular will assume that you can do inline styles, but it will do a runtime check for unsafe-eval. E.g. <body>. This is backwardly compatible with previous versions of Angular.

  • A simple ng-csp (or data-ng-csp) attribute will tell Angular to deactivate both inline styles and unsafe eval. E.g. <body ng-csp>. This is backwardly compatible with previous versions of Angular.

  • Specifying only no-unsafe-eval tells Angular that we must not use eval, but that we can inject inline styles. E.g. <body ng-csp="no-unsafe-eval">.

  • Specifying only no-inline-style tells Angular that we must not inject styles, but that we can run eval - no automcatic check for unsafe eval will occur. E.g. <body ng-csp="no-inline-style">

  • Specifying both no-unsafe-eval and no-inline-style tells Angular that we must not inject styles nor use eval, which is the same as an empty: ng-csp. E.g.<body ng-csp="no-inline-style;no-unsafe-eval">

Directive Info

  • This directive executes at priority level 0.


  • as attribute:

This example shows how to apply the ngCsp directive to the html tag.

<!doctype html>
<html ng-app ng-csp>

// Note: the suffix .csp in the example name triggers // csp mode in our http server!

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