3.8 Undefining and Redefining Macros
If a macro ceases to be useful, it may be undefined with the ‘#undef’ directive. ‘#undef’ takes a single argument, the name of the macro to undefine. You use the bare macro name, even if the macro is function-like. It is an error if anything appears on the line after the macro name. ‘#undef’ has no effect if the name is not a macro.
#define FOO 4 x = FOO; → x = 4; #undef FOO x = FOO; → x = FOO;
Once a macro has been undefined, that identifier may be redefined as a macro by a subsequent ‘#define’ directive. The new definition need not have any resemblance to the old definition.
However, if an identifier which is currently a macro is redefined, then the new definition must be effectively the same as the old one. Two macro definitions are effectively the same if:
- Both are the same type of macro (object- or function-like).
- All the tokens of the replacement list are the same.
- If there are any parameters, they are the same.
- Whitespace appears in the same places in both. It need not be exactly the same amount of whitespace, though. Remember that comments count as whitespace.
These definitions are effectively the same:
#define FOUR (2 + 2) #define FOUR (2 + 2) #define FOUR (2 /* two */ + 2)
but these are not:
#define FOUR (2 + 2) #define FOUR ( 2+2 ) #define FOUR (2 * 2) #define FOUR(score,and,seven,years,ago) (2 + 2)
If a macro is redefined with a definition that is not effectively the same as the old one, the preprocessor issues a warning and changes the macro to use the new definition. If the new definition is effectively the same, the redefinition is silently ignored. This allows, for instance, two different headers to define a common macro. The preprocessor will only complain if the definitions do not match.
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