Credit to devdocs.io

pug

pug

Mixins

Mixins allow you to create reusable blocks of Pug.

//- Declaration
mixin list
  ul
    li foo
    li bar
    li baz
//- Use
+list
+list
<ul>
  <li>foo</li>
  <li>bar</li>
  <li>baz</li>
</ul>
<ul>
  <li>foo</li>
  <li>bar</li>
  <li>baz</li>
</ul>

Mixins are compiled to functions, and can take arguments:

mixin pet(name)
  li.pet= name
ul
  +pet('cat')
  +pet('dog')
  +pet('pig')
<ul>
  <li class="pet">cat</li>
  <li class="pet">dog</li>
  <li class="pet">pig</li>
</ul>

Mixin Blocks

Mixins can also take a block of Pug to act as the content:

mixin article(title)
  .article
    .article-wrapper
      h1= title
      if block
        block
      else
        p No content provided

+article('Hello world')

+article('Hello world')
  p This is my
  p Amazing article
<div class="article">
  <div class="article-wrapper">
    <h1>Hello world</h1>
    <p>No content provided</p>
  </div>
</div>
<div class="article">
  <div class="article-wrapper">
    <h1>Hello world</h1>
    <p>This is my</p>
    <p>Amazing article</p>
  </div>
</div>

Mixin Attributes

Mixins also get an implicit attributes argument, which is taken from the attributes passed to the mixin:

mixin link(href, name)
  //- attributes == {class: "btn"}
  a(class!=attributes.class href=href)= name

+link('/foo', 'foo')(class="btn")
<a class="btn" href="/foo">foo</a>
Note

The values in attributes by default are already escaped! You should use != to avoid escaping them a second time. (See also unescaped attributes.)

You can also use mixins with &attributes:

mixin link(href, name)
  a(href=href)&attributes(attributes)= name

+link('/foo', 'foo')(class="btn")
<a class="btn" href="/foo">foo</a>
Note

The syntax +link(class="btn") is also valid and equivalent to +link()(class="btn"), since Pug tries to detect if parentheses’ contents are attributes or arguments. Nevertheless, we encourage you to use the second syntax, as you pass explicitly no arguments and you ensure the first parenthesis is the arguments list.

Rest Arguments

You can write mixins that take an unknown number of arguments using the “rest arguments” syntax.

mixin list(id, ...items)
  ul(id=id)
    each item in items
      li= item

+list('my-list', 1, 2, 3, 4)
<ul id="my-list">
  <li>1</li>
  <li>2</li>
  <li>3</li>
  <li>4</li>
</ul>

© Pug authors
Licensed under the MIT license.
https://pugjs.org/language/mixins.html